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Benefits of Physical Exercise in Postmenopausal Women

Key Message

Exercise improves physical function and balance, corrects disability, prevents muscle loss, and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and dementia in middle-aged women. 


Mendoza, Nicolas et al. (2016). Benefits of physical exercise in postmenopausal women. Maturitas. The European Menopause Journal. 93: 83-88. DOI:


Regular physical activity (PA) promotes musculoskeletal health in older adults. However, the majority of older individuals do not meet current PA guidelines and are also highly sedentary. Emerging evidence indicates that large amounts of sedentary time accelerate the loss of skeletal muscle mass (i.e., sarcopenia) and physical function with advancing age. However, current PA recommendations for sedentary time are non-specific (i.e., keep sedentary time to a minimum).


  • Physical exercise is a principal strategy for preventing and treating sarcopenia and its effects by increasing muscle mass and function.
  • Physical exercise improves flexibility, balance, and physical function, and corrects disability.
  • Physical exercise reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.
  • Both aerobic exercise and strength exercises can partially or totally counteract the changes associated with metabolic syndrome in sedentary postmenopausal women.
  • Physical exercise is inversely related to the risk of dementia and improves the cognitive function of middle-aged women.
  • Physical exercise improves osteoarticular pain in postmenopausal women with fibromyalgia or breast cancer.


Benefit Statements / Outcomes

Leadership Provided By:

  • Leisure Information Network (LIN)
  • Alberta Recreation and Parks Association

On Behalf Of:

  • Canadian Parks and Recreation Association (CPRAA)

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