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Gardening is Beneficial for Health

Key Message

Gardening provides a wide range of health outcomes, such as reductions in depression, anxiety, and body mass index, as well as increases in life satisfaction, quality of life, and sense of community.


Sogaa, Masashi, Gaston,Kevin J., and Yamaura, Yuichi. (2017). Gardening is beneficial for health: A meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine Reports. 5:92-99.


There is increasing evidence that gardening provides substantial human health benefits. However, no formal statistical assessment has been conducted to test this assertion. Here, we present the results of a meta-analysis of research examining the effects of gardening, including horticultural therapy, on health.


  • We performed a meta-analysis of the effects of gardening on human health. 
  • Studies reported a wide range of health outcomes.
  • The positive association with gardening was observed for various health outcomes.
  • The effect size varied among different subgroups.
  • Positive effects of gardening remained after adjusting for publication bias.

Benefit Statements / Outcomes

Leadership Provided By:

  • Leisure Information Network (LIN)
  • Alberta Recreation and Parks Association

On Behalf Of:

  • Canadian Parks and Recreation Association (CPRAA)

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