The contribution of the arts and culture to the national economy
The arts and culture sector provides significant economic benefits to GDP, economic turnover, return on investment, employment, and tourism.
Centre for Economics and Business Research. (2013). The contribution of the arts and culture to the national economy. London, UK: Arts Council England.
This independent report was commissioned by the Arts Council and conducted by the Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR). It is an analysis of the macroeconomic contribution of the arts and culture and of some of their indirect contributions through spillover effects felt in the wider economy It is the first comprehensive analysis to determine this value to the modern economy on a national scale.
The key findings include:
- arts and culture make up 0.4 per cent of GDP – a significant return on the less than 0.1 per cent of government spending invested in the sector
- arts and culture is a sector of significant scale with a turnover of £12.4 billion and a GVA of £5.9 billion in 2011
- arts and culture generate more per pound invested than the health, wholesale and retail, and professional and business services sectors.
- the arts and culture sector provides 0.45 per cent of total UK employment and 0.48 per cent of total employment in England.
- at least £856 million per annum of spending by tourists visiting the UK can be attributed directly to arts and culture
- the economic contribution of the arts and cultural sector has grown since 2008, despite the UK economy as a whole remaining below its output level before the global financial crisis